Protect Your Smile and Lifelong Oral Health with Periodontal Care

Y our gums and other soft tissues play a big role in your overall oral health. Gum disease is a very common condition that can have dramatic effects on your oral function, appearance, and systemic health. Avason Family Dentistry offers complete periodontal care at his Denver, NC, practice. We focuses on preventive treatments to keep gum disease from occurring. However, dental damage does occur. We offer scaling and root planing, osseous surgery, and crown lengthening at Avason Family Dentistry, all of which help to restore your healthy smile and reduce risk for serious dental damage.

What is periodontics and the basics of periodontal Health

Periodontics includes all the treatments and procedures that are used to prevent and fight gum disease, including routine teeth cleaning methods and deep cleaning methods like scaling and root planing, as well as gum graft procedures and osseous surgery to replace gum and bone tissue lost to the gum disease process. The periodontium refers to all the tissues that hold the teeth in place. This refers to the bone, the ligaments and the gums themselves. What causes gum disease? Gum disease, or periodontal disease, develops when bacteria that are found normally in your mouth lodge along the gum line where they can be difficult to brush away. Often, bacteria hides beneath hardened plaque called tartar located along the gums or between teeth. Tartar is a combination of food debris and the bacteria that colonize on the food. As these bacteria multiply, they release toxins (erosive enzymes) that cause the gum tissue to shrink away from the tooth surface. As gums recede, more of the tooth surface is exposed to damaging bacteria. Eventually, the bacteria can reach the tooth root, causing infection and loosening of the root, which ultimately can lead to tooth loss. This process is called “pocket formation”. In a healthy mouth, we find 1mm-3mm of space between the tip of the gum and where the gum attaches to the bone. As periodontal disease advances, we see pockets of 5mm-7mm, which severely jeopardizes the health, stability and ultimately the retention of the tooth. Receding gums are unsightly but more insidiously they are a precursor to dental pathology, such as root caries, and loose teeth. By biannual checkups, our office is able to nip these problems in the bud. Procedures like scaling and root planing, dental cleanings, dental osseous surgery, and proper instructions on homecare and diet allow our patients to maintain great periodontal health.
  • Reasons for periodontal treatment Periodontal disease is a progressive condition which begins with mild gum inflammation called gingivitis. It is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults living in the developed world, and should be taken very seriously. Periodontal disease (often called gum disease) is typically signified by red, swollen, painful, or bleeding gums, but in some cases has no noticeable symptoms. Periodontal disease generally begins when the bacteria living in plaque cause an infection in the surrounding tissues of the teeth, causing them to become irritated and painful. Eventually, this infection will cause the jawbone to recede and the tooth to become loose.
  • There are several reasons why periodontal treatment may be necessary: Moderate/advanced gum disease – This occurs when the gums are bleeding, swollen or red around most teeth and the jawbone has begun torecede.
  • Localized gum recession – The infection which propagates moderate or advanced gum disease often begins in one area. Gum recession may also be caused due to over brushing with a hard bristle brush, or dueto a tooth that is not positioned properly. Immediate treatment is required to prevent further spreading. Before crown lengthening – The periodontist may lengthen the crown of the tooth by removing surrounding soft tissue to provide more tooth exposure.
  • Ridge augmentation – This procedure, often called “recontouring” may be required to correct an uneven gum line. Before embarking on treatment, a periodontist needs to treat any bacterial infections and periodontitis. In the case of mild/moderate periodontal problems, the focus of the periodontist will be on curing the underlying bacterial infection and then providing advice on the most appropriate home cleaning methods. Cavities develop primarily because of sugar, and the starches in sugar can also affect your gums. Sugar is the main energy source for oral bacteria. As the microbes feed, they will multiply, spreading from your teeth to your gums. At first, they will only cause mild inflammation along your gum line in a condition known as gingivitis. However, as they continue to reproduce, they will create pockets deep within the tissues. At this point, gingivitis becomes periodontitis. Without treatment, the pockets can grow larger, causing significant sensitivity, irritation, and bleeding.

    Periodontal Procedures at Avason Family Dentistry

    When it comes to periodontal health, our primary goal is to avoid gum disease altogether. Therefore, we heavily emphasizes the importance of routine dental visits. When you visit regularly, we can remove the bacteria responsible for gum disease.

         Avason Family Dentistry offers a full spectrum of periodontal procedures. As a member of the American Academy of Periodontology, he is highly qualified to perform these treatments.
    By: Avason Group

    Of course, problems can still occur. Maybe you have neglected your regular care, or maybe you are at a higher risk for gum disease. Avason Family Dentistry offers a full spectrum of periodontal procedures. As a member of the American Academy of Periodontology, he is highly qualified to perform these treatments. Scaling and root planing is the most common option for mild to moderate gum disease. During this procedure, we will eliminate pockets of bacteria from your gums, carefully cleaning them without disturbing the healthy tissues. We will then smooth, or “plane,” your roots. Since rough patches in these areas can trap bacteria, scaling and planing helps to prevent gum disease. Osseous surgery involves the removal of bacterial pockets in more severe periodontitis cases. After eradicating the bacteria, Dr. Avason will reposition your gums around the dental roots. Typically, he will use small sutures to secure the tissues and ensure that they fit snugly around your teeth. Crown lengthening is not a treatment for gum disease, however, we will often recommend this procedure if your tooth has broken off near the gum line. When this occurs, there may not be enough surface area to attach a dental crown. By removing a fine layer of tissue, we can expose more of your tooth and make room for a restoration.

    Why Is Periodontal Care Important?

    It is important to seek treatment quickly if you are suffering from the symptoms of gum disease. Oral bacteria can spread rapidly, causing serious damage. Not only will you likely suffer from chronic discomfort and bad breath, but your soft tissues could recede so far that you experience widespread tooth loss. In extreme cases, the bacteria could move to your jawbone, leading to a dangerous infection. Gum disease can also threaten your overall health. Studies show that patients with periodontitis are at a higher risk for high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Thus, Dr. Avason’s care can protect both your smile as well as your long-term physical wellness.

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